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Ox gall and extender
gall and extender are solutions to adjust the consistency of colors.
increases the circumference and the flow of the paints.
In order to have Ebru colors to spread on the
surface of the liquid and to prevent them from sinking, you have to use ox
gall, which is a surface active substance, breaking and regulating the surface
tension. It also prevents colors from blending. Gall is a secretion of the liver,
involved in the digestion of lipids.
Sheep and Turbot gall are also used for Ebru. Turbot gall gives good results
for Kumlu (Sandy) Ebru. Şebek Efendi, in Tertib-i Risale-i Ebri (1608), reports
that in older time’s tobacco leave extract was used instead of ox gall as a
the amount of gall we put in the colors is the most important and the hardest
part of Ebru-making. While first colors spread easily, since there is little
surface tension, we need to add more ox gall in the following colors as the
tension builds up with more colors. Unbalanced colors may sink, may be
fragmented or even smudge when we take it on paper.
the paint into a separate container, and add 1-2 drops of the ox gall or
extender. After you mix it, use a needle tool
to sample a drop or two of paint onto the surface of the water. If necessary,
add another 1-2 drops at a time.
ox gall you should use a pipette to ensure
slowly to ensure you achieve the consistency you desire.
extender should be used for Artdeco paints
with chemicals or with oil derivatives shall not be used for Ebru-making, only
natural turpentine must be used. It gives a three dimensional, spherical effect
to the colors. It is used to make Ebru with sprinkles or in Battal type of Ebru.
adding turpentine to Ebru colors, drops sprinkled to vessel scatter if there
are small air bubbles inside. The usage of turpentine hides mistakes resulted
from dust as it makes effects like dust hole dropping to vessel. It’s necessary
to try by adding it in one drop step and be patient to find right proportion. You
need to squeeze brush as much as possible before you sprinkle onto the surface,
because turpentine produces bigger circled shapes and changes surface image. It
looks aesthetic to make small sprinkles on vessel.
turpentine we recommend to use a pipette to ensure